What Are the Possible Risks of Laser Eye Surgery?
As with all forms of surgery, there are some problems that can arise during or after the
operation and most can be corrected with additional surgery or changes in medication. On very rare occasions these problems can result in a serious loss of vision which is permanent but it is very unlikely to happen with latest treatments available. When issues do arise, they normally fall into one or more of the following categories:
If there isn’t enough tissue removed from your eye you might not achieve the vision you set out for. This problem is more common in those who are nearsighted and may require a repeat procedure to remove more tissue.
Alternatively, it’s possible to remove too much tissue during the procedure. Because of this, it can be more difficult to correct than under corrections.
Arising from uneven tissue removal, this may result in you needing contact lenses, glasses or further surgery.
Vision changes or loss
In very rare cases, you may experience vision loss due to a complication in your surgery. Some also find they don’t see as clearly or sharply as they did before.
Complications can arise due to the flap that’s removed or folded back during the surgery. This can cause excess tears or infection, and the epithelium may grow back abnormally.
How To Reduce Potential Side Effects and Problems
To help reduce any of the potential issues that may arise during or after your surgery, there are a number of things you can do:
Stay calm and relaxed throughout your surgery
Even though this is easier said than done, it does help the surgeon immensely if you can follow their instructions and remain calm throughout the procedure. However, as mentioned previously, there’s no need to worry too much about your eyes moving while the laser’s focused on it, as they will track this movement.
Keep your eyes well lubricated.
Every effort should be made to keep your eyes as moist as possible after laser eye surgery, using the drops provided and keeping your eyes closed while you’re awake (for the first few hours afterwards). This is particularly important after LASIK.
Use your anti-inflammatory and antibiotic drops as prescribed
This will help your eyes heal properly. Try to leave around two minutes between the two different types of eye drops, too, so each is thoroughly absorbed before the next is applied. Not sure if the first drop went in? Applying a second drop is fine.
Contact your surgeon if you have any concerns
Always get in touch with them if you have any light sensitivity, increasing pain, blurring or injury to the eye that’s followed by watering, blurred vision or pain.
Don’t swim for a week
Most surgeons will recommend this.
Avoid contact sports after LASIK surgery for a month
Non-contact sports like jogging or going to the gym are fine after surgery, though.
Always attend your follow up consultations.
You might not be aware of a problem that’s arisen after your surgery so always attend the scheduled follow up meetings with your surgeon.